A story illustrating an idea or a moral principle in which objects take on symbolic meanings. In Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy,” Dante,..
Used for poetic effect, a repitition of the initial sounds of several words in a group. The following line from Robert Frost’s poem “Acqua..
A reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work. T. S. Eliot, in “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufr..
A statement which can contain two or more meanings. For example, when the oracle at Delphi told Croesus that if he waged war on Cyrus he w..
A comparison between two similar things. In literature, a work which resembles another work either fully or in part. If a work resembles a..
In a line of poetry, two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable forming the pattern for the line or perhaps for the entire..
A very short tale told by a character in a literary work. In Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales,” “The Miller’s Tale” and “The Carpenter’s Tale” ..
A person or force which opposes the protagonist in a literary work. In Stephen Vincent Benet’s “The Devil and Daniel Webster,” Mr. Scratch..
A brief statement which expresses an observation on life, usually intended as a wise observation. Benjamin Franklin’s “Poor Richard’s Alma..
A figure of speech wherein the speaker speaks directly to something nonhuman. In these lines from John Donne’s poem “The Sun Rising” the p..